Europeans settled Newfoundland slowly because of the commercial considerations of the fishery. The first attempt goes back to 1583 with the efforts of Sir Humphrey Gilbert.
Around 1660, the French established colonies in Plaisance and near St. John's. Most of the current population has ancestors who were immigrants from southwest England and southern Ireland. Newfoundland and Labrador became a Canadian province on March 31, 1949.
Family History Society of Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland's Grand Banks
Planet, the Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Archives Network
Provincial Resource Library
The official provincial government Web site
[www.gov.nf.ca/] contains useful information about the province and its historic records.
The Canadian Encyclopedia Online
[www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=HomePage&Params=A1] allows you to learn more about the history, geography and people of Newfoundland and Labrador.
Many libraries hold reference books, local histories, family histories and other books on genealogy. Library and Archives Canada allows you to Browse Lists of Canadian Library Web Sites and Catalogues by province.
The sections on What to Search: Topics and Genealogy Links of this site can provide more useful information about how to do genealogical research in Newfoundland and Labrador. You can also access databases from our Directory of Canadian Genealogical Resources - AVITUS.
You can also consult the following books:
Genealogist's Handbook for Atlantic Canada Research, edited by Terrence M. Punch with the help of George F. Sanborn, 1997. Researching Your Family History in Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador Genealogical Society.