Acceptable Use Policy
Specialized AMICUS Sites (more…)
To search AMICUS, you must select a database.
For most AMICUS databases you need to register
for a username and password. You can use the "LAC" database without registering.
Here are a few AMICUS search tips. For more configuration information,
see the Z39.50 Guide.
||Tips for Searching AMICUS
|Uppercase / lowercase
||Most search terms can be entered in upper or lower case.
Enter codes (e.g. language) in lowercase and library symbols in UPPERCASE.
||If truncation is set to 1 (right truncation) on your Z39.50 client, do not include the "?" in the search term. Tip: Set the truncation to 101 (truncation anywhere in term) to use wildcards in your search term. The wildcard "#" represents a single character; the question mark "?" represents 0 or more characters.
||Punctuation in a term is ignored except in subject subdivisions.
||For personal names enter the surname and then the forename. Example: Author= munro alice. Enter corporate names in natural order. Example: Author= John Mills Consulting. If you are unsure of the word order in a name, try a Boolean search by name keywords.
||Exclude initial articles. Example: Title= magus (not The magus)
||Use two hyphens before subdivisions. Example: Subject= jazz--brazil
||You can combine two or more terms with a Boolean operator to broaden or narrow a search. As AMICUS is a large database use care in broadening; avoid general terms (such as "canada") and prefer keyword phrases to single keywords.
|Narrowing a Search
||You can narrow a search with the attributes below; never search by them on their own.
- Date (of publication)
Set the Structure attribute to "year" and
the Relation attribute to an appropriate value such as "equal" or "less than".
- Geographic area
Enter the coded values for the place in lowercase.
Examples: Use "n" for North America, "n-cn" for Canada, "n-cn-on" for Ontario
- Holdings library symbols
Enter the symbol in UPPERCASE. For a list of symbols see the ILL Directory. Example: Use BVAU for the University of British Columbia
Enter in lowercase one or more language codes. Example: To find French works by an author, use fre. For a complete list of codes see MARC 21.
||AMICUS supports keyword searching of authors, names, titles, subjects, notes, publisher names. To search by keyword set the following attributes:
- Position = any position in field
- Completeness = incomplete subfield
- Structure = phrase OR single word
- You may combine keywords and exact terms in a query. Example: To find "The call of the wild" by Jack London you could enter the title keywords " " and "wild" and name exact "london jack"
||AMICUS does not use stopwords. To find "Lord of the rings", you would search
for "lord of the rings" in either exact or keyword searches.
||Search terms are assumed to use the ANSEL character set. AMICUS ignores diacritics
in searching; other non-ASCII characters in the ANSEL character set are converted
to ASCII equivalents for searching. The character conversion rules are identical
for processing the search term and for generating AMICUS indexes.
BIB-1 Use Attributes and their AMICUS equivalents
Important: The shaded areas represent secondary indexes (limiters) that must be
used with a primary index. When constructing a search, type the primary index before
using a secondary index (limiter) otherwise an "Unsupported query" error will occur.
||Related MARC tags
|4 - Title
||TI (position attribute set to 1 "first in field")
||Word or phrase identifying the item or a work contained in it.
Exclude articles beginning a title. Example: For The Magus use magus
||130, 210, 212, 222, 240 to 247, 400$t, 410$t, 411$t, 440,
700$t, 710$t, 711$t, 730, 740, 800$t, 810$t, 811$t, 830
|TW (position attribute set to 3 "any")
||Title keyword in AMICUS
|7 - ISBN
||International Standard Book Number
|8 - ISSN
||International Standard Serial Number
|9 - LC control no.
||Library of Congress control number
|13 - Dewey classification
||Dewey Decimal Classification number
|14 - UDC classification
||Universal Decimal Classification number
|16 - LC call number
||Library of Congress call number
||050, 051, 055
|17 - NLM call number
||National Library of Medicine call number
|21 - Subject heading
||SU (position attribute set to 1 "first in field")
||Topic on which a work is focused.
||600, 610, 611, 630, 650 to 658, 752, 754, 755
|SW (position attribute set to 3 "Any")
|31 - Date of publication
||Date the item was published
|47 - Subject subdivision
||Extension to a subject heading indicating the form,
place, time period or other aspect
||All subject subfields except for $a
|48 - No. national biblio.
||Character string that uniquely identifies a record in a national bibliography; at the Library and Archives Canada it refers to the Canadiana number
|51 - No. music publisher
||Number assigned by a publisher to a sound recording or printed music
|52 - Number db
||AMICUS database number
|54 - Code-language
||Language of the item
|55 - Code-geographic area
||Geographic area appearing or implied in the headings assigned
to the item during cataloguing
|56 - Code-institution
||Symbol for the library with the item, also known as the ILL symbol. Example: OONL is the symbol for Library and Archives Canada.
|59 - Place-publication
||MARC code for the country, state or province where the item was published
|60 - CODEN
||Six-character alphanumeric code assigned by Chemical Abstracts Service.
|61 - Microform generation
||Code specifying the generation of a microform
|63 - Note
||Statement in which information such as extended physical descriptions,
relationships or contents may be recorded.
||018, 033, 034, 037, 250, 254 to 257, 260, 261, 265, 300, 306, 308, 310, 315, 321, 340, 350, 351, 355, 357, 359, 362, 490, 500 to 590, 753, 856
|1001 - Record type
|1003 - Author
||Name of a person, corporate body, conference or meeting
||100, 110, 111, 400, 410, 411, 700, 710, 711, 800, 810, 811
|1004 - Author - name personal
||Personal name, pseudonym, title of nobility, nickname or initials
||100, 400, 700, 800
|1005 - Author - name corporate
||Organization or a group of persons that is identified by a particular name
||110, 410, 710, 810
|1006 - Author - name conference
||Meeting of individuals or representatives of various bodies for the purpose of discussing topics of common interest
||111, 411, 711, 811
|1011 - Date/time added to db
||Date and time that a record was added to the database
|1012 - Date/time last modified
||Date and time a record was last updated
|1016 - Any
||Applies to name, title, subject headings and notes
|1018 - Publisher
||Organization responsible for the publication of the item
|1021 - Bib-level
||Single alphabetic character identifying the bibliographic level. Example: monograph