Skip navigation links (access key: Z)Library and Archives Canada / Bibliothèque et Archives CanadaSymbol of the Government of Canada
Français - Version française de cette pageHome - The main page of the Institution's websiteContact Us - Institutional contact informationHelp - Information about using the institutional websiteSearch - Search the institutional websitecanada.gc.ca - Government of Canada website

Archived Content

This archived Web page remains online for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. This page will not be altered or updated. Web pages that are archived on the Internet are not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards. As per the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada, you can request alternate formats of this page on the Contact Us page.


First Among Equals - Children's Version : The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics
[graphic]

Sir John Alexander Macdonald

Sir John Alexander MacDonald

Born 1815, Died 1891

Time as Prime Minister
1867 - 1873
1878 - 1891

Born

  • January 10 or 11, 1815, Glasgow, Scotland
  • Emigrated to Canada in 1820

Education

  • Midland District Grammar School and John Cruickshank School, Kingston (Ontario)

Personal Life

  • Married 1843, Isabella Clark (1811 - 1856)
  • Two sons (one died in infancy)
  • Re-married 1867, Susan Agnes Bernard (1836 - 1920)
  • One daughter

Occupations

  • Lawyer (called to the Bar of Upper Canada in 1836)
  • Businessman
  • 1837 Private, the Commercial Bank Guard
  • 1843 - 1846 Alderman for Kingston, Ontario

Political Party

  • Liberal-Conservative (forerunner of Progressive Conservative Party)
  • 1867 - 1891 Party Leader

Constituencies

  • 1867 - 1878, 1887 - 1891 Kingston Ontario
  • 1878 - 1882 Victoria British Columbia
  • 1882 - 1887 Carleton Ontario

Other Ministries

  • 1847 - 1848 Receiver General (Province of Canada)
  • 1854 - 1858, 1858 - 1862, 1864 - 1867 Attorney General (Canada West)
  • 1861 - 1862, 1865 - 1867 Militia Affairs
  • 1867 - 1873 Justice and Attorney General
  • 1878 - 1883 Interior
  • 1878 - 1887 Superintendant General of Indian Affairs
  • 1889 - 1891 Railways and Canals

Political Record

  • Joint Premier, Province of Canada, with Étienne-Paschal Taché 1856 - 1857, and with George-Étienne Cartier 1857 - 1858, 1858 - 1862
  • Co-leader, Great Coalition, with George-Étienne Cartier and George Brown, 1864 - 1865
  • Father of Confederation 1867
  • Creation of provinces of Manitoba 1870, British Columbia 1871, and Prince Edward Island 1873
  • Red River Rebellion 1870
  • Building of Canadian Pacific Railway 1871 - 1885
  • North West Mounted Police 1873
  • Pacific Scandal 1873
  • Leader of the Opposition 1873 - 1878
  • National Policy 1879
  • Northwest Rebellion 1885
  • Creation of the first national park at Banff, Alberta 1885

Died

  • June 6, 1891, Ottawa, Ontario, while still in office
  • Grave site: Cataraqui Cemetery, near Kingston, Ontario

Source: Canada's Prime Ministers, 1867-1994. [Ottawa]: National Archives of Canada, c1994. 20 p.


Proactive Disclosure